by ProTeen

Top 10 career options after 12th
(Science – Medical)

Top 10 career options after 12th (Science – Medical)

The field of medicine offers a wide range of careers that involve the study of biology and other natural sciences to diagnose and treat diseases in humans. Qualified professionals in the medical field are extremely sought after all over the world and demand is incredibly high always. While most fields require extensive training and knowledge, anyone interested in a career in medicine and healthcare will have the opportunity to be on the front lines, saving people and utilising cutting-edge technology and developments. Depending on a student’s interests, work environment preferences, and skill set, numerous career options can be pursued after 12th . Knowing what your options are and whether they fit you will allow you to make the right choice when having to pick a career. So, keep reading for more information about the best medical career options available today!

1. MBBS – Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery

The king of medical careers in India and one that a lot of students are already familiar with! MMBS is an extremely sought-after course for students in India after 12th, where it is seen as an incredibly prestigious course and career. The course duration is of 5.5 years with field internship included, along with detailed theoretical lessons. Graduates of MBBS can make a career as physicians, surgeons, medical officers, etc.

2. Bachelor of Dental Surgery

BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) is another common and popular option in the medical field. Students willing to enter this field must pass the NEET exam to complete the 5 year program. This comprises 4 years of academics and 1 year of compulsory internship. The most popular medical degree after MBBS, graduates of BDS can even choose to work in government or private hospitals and are assured of good opportunities.

3. Bachelor of Homeopathy Medicine and Surgery 

Homeopathy is an alternative medicine field that sees demand not only in India but all over the world. Therefore, BHMS is seen as an attractive career option. Students will need to clear the NEET exam and complete the 5.5 year course, which also includes a year of Internship. BHMS graduates can work in both, private and government sectors and can even get opportunities abroad.

4. Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery

This is another alternative medicine field that has gained global prominence in the modern age since Ayurveda utilises the curative properties of herbs and natural elements. Students wishing to pursue BAMS must clear the NEET exam and pass the 5 year course. BAMS graduates are assured of job opportunities in private/government hospitals, can open their clinic or wellness centre, and even get good opportunities outside the country due to the popularity of Ayurveda outside India.

5. Bachelor of Veterinary Science 

If you have always been fascinated by animals, becoming a veterinarian could be a great career path for you! BVSc is a 5 year course with students needing to pass the NEET exam for eligibility. Over the years, better livelihood and awareness of animal welfare have led to increased demand for veterinarians since they treat and prevent disease in animals, conduct research on animal health, and provide advice and care to pet owners. Specialisations in Veterinary Science mean that students have a wide variety of careers and options available to them in the future.

6. Bachelor of Science in Nursing

BSc Nursing is a four-year undergraduate programme dedicated to developing intensive care, advanced analytical thinking, proficiency, and values required for professional nursing and midwifery practice. Graduates of BSc Nursing are equipped with all the knowledge and skillset required to assist doctors and engage in patient care across numerous departments like ICU, ER, OT etc. Depending on the college, NEET isn’t compulsory to pursue this field.

7. Bachelor of Science in Cardiovascular Technology

A rapidly emerging field in Medical Science, a BSc in Cardiovascular Technology is all about transmitting critical knowledge in areas of cardiovascular diseases and complex care procedures. Subjects include areas like Echocardiography, Microbiology, Pathology, Lymphatic Tissues, etc. and cardiovascular technicians subsequently assist doctors in diagnosing and treating patients. NEET exam isn’t necessary for students to pursue this 4 year course.

8. Biomedical Engineering

This 4 year course can be an exciting path for a science-medical student with a strong interest in technology. Biomedical engineers have a different perspective on healthcare than many other medical professionals as they are responsible for designing and developing new medical devices and technologies. They often come up with ways to use existing tools and technology more efficiently and effectively and improve them by incorporating techniques of engineering, biology, and medicine. For example, biomedical engineers may design new ways to administer drugs or new equipment for surgeons.

9. Bachelor of Pharmacy

B-Pharm is a 4 year course for students interested in pursuing this field, where the focus is on knowledge of biochemical sciences and the production and manufacturing of drugs. Job opportunities are extremely varied across government and private sectors e.g. as a Medical Representative, Scientific Writing, Medical Scripting, Clinical Research etc. Thanks to India’s dominant position as a drug manufacturer and the constant need for medicines, future scope and growth are extremely positive. Clearing the NEET exam isn’t compulsory for this field.

10. Bachelor of Physiotherapy

Students can pursue a Bachelor’s in Physiotherapy, a 4.5 year course with a 6 month internship to become physiotherapists. Physiotherapists need to have a thorough knowledge of the human anatomy and the complexities of bones, muscles, nerves etc. Physiotherapy is a form of medical treatment that use physical and mechanical elements to treat, restore, and maintain functional ability. Demand is very high in the health sector and job opportunities are plenty in hospitals, clinics, or even self-employment. Depending on the college, students don’t need to pass NEET to be eligible for the course.


There you have it! These are the best options for students looking to pursue a career in the medical field. As always, proper career awareness is crucial to be able to make the right career decision, as the field of medicine is one that constantly evolves at a very fast rate and new opportunities are always close. However, this is not an easy field to break into and takes hard work, perseverance, and drive to succeed.
For all the information and answers you need to pick the right career for you, just head to the ProTeen website and register today ! ProTeen provides personalised guidance that covers everything a young student needs to navigate the modern career world. From helping you discover your true strengths, finding the right career fit for you, and even guiding you to the best colleges available, ProTeen and our career experts are on hand to resolve any queries and guide you to your dream career!


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