The life of students today is very different to the pattern of life for which the existing educational system was developed. It shows lack of concerns towards knowledge and skills needed to understand existing real world perspective.
Emiliana Vegas stated that “a successful education system in school is one that attached problem-solving and combined the problem context with information”, as for example, the use of mathematics and science to solve a practical problem. This skill had to be known and owned by all employees in order to be skilled in the workforce.
Harvey viewed skill needs from individual and institutional perspective. Individual skills are skills or attribute of graduates to get a job. While institutional skill is related to the level of performance of educational institution’s graduates. One-self attribute is a part of working characteristics, includes flexibility, adaptation ability, and problem-solving.
Students need to:
- have capacity and skill in analyzing and solving problems, to communicate idea and information, to do planning and organizing activities and collaboration with others
- have quality of confidence, hard works, optimism, a high self-esteem, and commitment using personal excellence
- have some related skills within their job and understanding of the work environment, choose a career and training
- become confident, creative, and productive in using the new technology, primarily information and communication technologies, and to understand the effect from technology to society.
Baruch stated that “Individual has the responsibility for their own skill, while authorities provide a chance to develop them”. It means every individual manage their careers based on the opportunity to their surroundings.
Overtoom stated that “employee needs skills about self-management, teamwork, interpersonal ability, problem-based, and critical thinking in order to increase the productivity of their company”. Knowledge is an important asset for job seeker when they initiate their work, yet what is really sought is teamwork. Teamwork can be developed from an early age by enabling students to work in a team. Besides, communication is also an important aspect and is different for each person. An effective verbal communication is a fundamental tool of work. Currently, a verbal communication is not the only important aspect, but also writing skill, such as individual’s ability in terms of writing sentences.
Survey outcomes stated some of difference in college student’s perspective on how this skill where almost half of the USA and Britain with range age from 18-25 years old show that their problem-solving skill is superior to Chinese college student it may be a reflection on how this skill has or hasn’t been a priority inside the education system in both countries.
Digital literacy is an important skill to help on codify information, problem-solving, and find meaning in word or data. Based on the study from The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), It stated that “21st centuries skills that fulfill the needs from authorities and wider society include leadership, digital literacy, problem-solving and communication complement the traditional skill, such as reading, writing, and counting”. Digital literacy is an ability to find, evaluate, utilize, share and make content using information technology. Every graduate assumed that they have already supplied with digital literacy because generally, the teacher had developed digital literacy to their students.
Entrepreneurship is an important skill for students who will prepare them self in the workforce inside future’s network. Entrepreneurship and creativity skills have been provided by the teacher in school, but still in theoretical context and less of implementation. A low level of digital literacy, entrepreneurship, and creativity in employee indicate that those skills still rated as personal responsibility so that they are out of the curriculum.
Currently, educational systems unable to provide job opportunity and proper skill needs for students. The authorities stated that they are satisfied with young employees when they started working for the company. But, there is skills gap that hampers their organizational performance. The educational systems should provide a skill as their provision to enter the workforce. The teacher recognized that the business world and industrial world are unsatisfied with the existing educational standards. The educational system is considered incapable of wielding wider skills to the students and even there has been a decrease in emphasis on skill in the teacher’s learning process. The lack of time allocation in the curriculum and the tightness of educational authorities that only implies reading and counting are also suspected to be the biggest obstacle for teachers to teach 21st-century skills.
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) innovations play a role in changing learning processes, but the educational system controls the progressive transformation. The change of ICT technology is one of the important drivers of evolving skills. But, what is the effect of technology changes that they have to teach a skill? Data states that many teachers claim that the advancement of ICT has changed the way they teach. The teacher can apply technology in creative ways. Teachers and other stakeholders acknowledge that there is still a gap in digital literacy between regions. Some students feel that the education system in their country has effectively used ICT, some students think that their school is very good at using technology for the learning process.
The majority of teachers argue that their students have a better understanding of ICT’s in the classroom which brings the consequences of change, although teachers don’t need to add more value to the use of ICT. Business executives agree that expanding access to technology for schools and universities is one way that the educational system in their country can benefit business. The criticism of 21st-century skill fulfillment is education emphasizes too much on content. One of the challenges for education world is that skill and knowledge can be obtained easily through the internet. According to Trilling and Fadel , 21st-century skills are grouped into three types which are listed below:
a. life and career skills
b. learning and innovation skills
c. media skills and information skills
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Author – Yogesh Kumar